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Relative Inner Amenability and Relative Property Gamma

Paul Jolissaint


Let $H$ be a proper subgroup of a discrete group $G$. We introduce a notion of relative inner amenability of $H$ in $G$, we prove some equivalent conditions and provide examples coming mainly from semidirect products, as well as counter-examples. We also discuss the corresponding relative property gamma for pairs of type II$_1$ factors $N\subset M$ and we deduce from this a characterization of discrete, icc groups which do not have property (T).

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ISSN 0025-5521 (print) ISSN 1903-1807 (online)

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